Most back pain is the result of inflamed and restricted joints. When a joint is inflamed the swelling present impedes normal joint movement. The inflammation further restricts normal movement by laying down adhesions or scar tissue around the joints.
Chiropractors identify these joint restrictions by finding vertebral segments that are inflammed and painful. The chiropractic adjustment restores normal joint movement by freeing up joint restriction and breaking scar tissue around joints. This allows the joint to work normally. Swelling subsides from the joints as there is no longer as much joint and ligament tension in the area.